Close Menu X


September 9 - A New Humanity (Romans 5:12-21)

Prepare for Sunday morning worship using the guide below.

Adult Education

Levi Regalado will continue teaching Encounters with Christ in the youth room. This study considers the interactions that Jesus has with different individuals throughout the four gospels.

Josh Herring will begin a new adult education class on Old Testament Wisdom Literature  in the Adult 1 classroom.

Romans 5:12-21

12 Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned— 13 for sin indeed was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not counted where there is no law. 14 Yet death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those whose sinning was not like the transgression of Adam, who was a type of the one who was to come.

15 But the free gift is not like the trespass. For if many died through one man's trespass, much more have the grace of God and the free gift by the grace of that one man Jesus Christ abounded for many. 16 And the free gift is not like the result of that one man's sin. For the judgment following one trespass brought condemnation, but the free gift following many trespasses brought justification. 17 For if, because of one man's trespass, death reigned through that one man, much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and the free gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man Jesus Christ.

18 Therefore, as one trespass led to condemnation for all men, so one act of righteousness leads to justification and life for all men. 19 For as by the one man's disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man's obedience the many will be made righteous. 20 Now the law came in to increase the trespass, but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more, 21 so that, as sin reigned in death, grace also might reign through righteousness leading to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.


Let me remind you of the benefits of salvation from 5.1-11.  We have peace with God, access to him by faith and a future hope that is secure, fixed and unshakeable, even in suffering. This salvation is grounded in the love of God and thankfully not in our performance. We have legitimate cause to rejoice even in this life having been justified, forgiven, adopted and given a new status as children of God through faith. All this is great, but is it not challenged as we continue to face the universal experiences of sin and death? Paul answers the objection by proving that Christ can rescue ruined men and women from sin and death forever. This begins a new section on how we now live in light of this salvation. 

Review and Apply

In what sense have we 'all' sinned in Adam (12)?

How does the Christian view of death differ from the world's view of death?

What are your fears on death?

How ought the Christian face death?

What are the contrasts between Adam and Christ?

What is meant by universal? Why is it untrue?

How does this passage encourage evangelism? 

What are some benefits to enjoy in having Christ as our 'head'?